fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "email@example.com" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: " VINUS" (may be fake)
Date: Sun, 8 Sep 2019 00:20:58 +0100
Subject: FROM PAUL VINUS 9/7/2019
Please pardon me for this unsolicited communique.
I do have the trusteeship of a PRIVATE investor with a stormy political background to outsource individuals with sound Financial Management abilities to manage over US$1.3B devoid of his name. These funds can be invested in tranches of US$100M or a tranche that is suitable for the portfolio manager.
If you have Financial Management abilities, credible project in need of funding or existing business requiring expansion, your feedback would be appreciated.
FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT AND ADVISORY SERVICES LIMITED