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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Dr. Rahman Mahmoud <>
Date: Sat, 07 Sep 2019 18:35:25 -0700

IRAQ RECONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT OFFICE (IRMO) Dear Partner I am making this contact with you on behalf of my colleagues after an acceptable recommendation from an International Business Agency because My colleagues and I are members of the Contract Award Committee (CAC) of the Iraq Reconstruction Management Office (IRMO). This office is mandated to rebuild Iraq through various contracts awarded and executed so I have been mandated by my colleagues to look for a trustworthy Individual/company into whose account some funds is to be transferred. We have in our possession instrument of payment for US$22.5M (Twenty two million five hundred thousand U.S Dollars only) now in a dedicated account of the Central Bank of Iraq (CBI). The above funds arose from the over invoicing of some Supplies and Engineering Works contracts which have been executed and the contractors paid in full. The fund is therefore free to be transferred overseas without any risk whatsoever. Due to the nature of accrual of this funds, it has to be applied for by a foreign contractor/company and payment can only be made into a foreign account hence this contact is necessary to accomplish this deal.You (or your company) shall be compensated with 25% of the amount as the account owner, 5% shall be used for the reimbursement of all expenses that will be incurred by both parties during the course of this financial transaction.The remaining 70% is for us. We shall require of you the following urgently: 1. Name,Telephone of Beneficiary 2. Name and full address of the Company My colleagues and I have had some fruitful discussions with relevant top officials of both the Ministry of Finance (MF) and the Central Bank of Iraq (CBI) and they have agreed to cooperate in the transfer. An application for funds transfer shall be made at the appropriate Ministries in favour of the beneficiary (you or your company)thereafter, your company shall be officially regarded as having executed the contract for the Iraq Reconstruction Management Office (IRMO) for which payment is being made. This process make the operation legal according to the laws of the Republic of Iraq. Please treat this transaction as STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL as we are Civil Servants who would not want any exposure. Thanks for your anticipated cooperation. Best Regards, Dr. Rahman Mahmoud Please note all contact should be via email.

Anti-fraud resources: