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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mr Richard Moore <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 7 Sep 2019 23:32:45 -0700
Subject: Congratulations!!!


Your email emerged winner of (£2.5Million) in the recent Publishers Clearing House global sweepstakes email lottery.

To take your winning cheque you are hereby required to fill in your details below and email it to us at:

C/O Dr. Richard A Moore
Executive Promoter
The contest department:

*Given Names:
*Mailing Address:

Note: Your file will expire after 14 days if there is no response.

Yours Sincerely
Richard A Moore
Official Winners Selection Notice

Anti-fraud resources: