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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Kim Richard <>
Date: Sun, 08 Sep 2019 14:16:21 +0000
Subject: RE

Estimado cliente de valor,

  Se dice que le informamos que su correo electrónico fue uno de los
correos que ganó € 450,000.00 euros; Todo lo que necesita hacer es
firmar el documento del FMI válido desde la presentación. Debe firmar
el documento y enviárnoslo.
A continuación se muestra el correo electrónico de Imf:
Esperamos su respuesta.

Nota: puede traducir a su propio idioma para una mejor comprensión.
Departamento de Fondos del FMI.
Sr. Kim Richard

Anti-fraud resources: