fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Bank of America Customer Service" <email@example.com>
Date: Mon, 09 Sep 2019 18:10:03 -0700
Subject: Re:Bank Payment Alert Notification
Total Amount: US$10.3 Million United States Dollars.
To the family of Acclaimed Deceased =
I wish to draw your attention to the above contract claim, which has alrea=
dy been program for immediate transfer through Inter Bank to Bank wire tran=
sfer.Your outstanding payment sum of $10.3 Million dollars, as I speak your=
payment files have being transfer to Bank of America for immediate attenti=
on. In a nutshell, Charles Bloom of Bank of America will assist you, ensure=
that you receive your payment as soon as possible, therefore contacts him =
through the information below: Mr. Charles Bloom City: Chicago Illinois U.S=
.A. Call or Text me: +1(914)801-864 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Meanwhile, a surprising message was address to my office this morning conf=
irmed that you are dead, that you died last week of ghastly motor accident,=
I do not believe the story because an attempt has been made severally to d=
ivert this funds since approval for payment into another account but I alwa=
ys decline to append my signature hence this message to you. However, kindl=
y reconfirm your full names SUCH AS:
Home/ office address and mobile phone number and ID CARD or travel passpor=
t for clarification and verification.However , mistake has been made =
Johnson R William