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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Sarah k" <>
Date: Mon, 9 Sep 2019 15:53:52 -0700
Subject: rE uRGENT,


Good day to you, I am so sorry for sending you this unsolicited and
unexpected mail.I got your contact from a Business Directory in my
agents office and I decided to contact you directly for the sake of

My name is Mrs Sarh K, originated from Libya, living in Ghana. I am
searching for a reliable and experience business expert in any
country that can guide me in setting up a lucrative business
investment, I wanted to invest on Real Estate business in my country
but based on some Politician Crisis and insecurity in my country, I
decided to look for tourism country for this investment project.

I got to understand that this is the best time to invest, So am only
soliciting for your assistance and guidance for you to help me invest
in any lucrative business. I have about $ 10.5 Million Dollars and I
would need your assistance to invest the money either in Middle-East
or any other country of your choice under your guidance. So I am only
soliciting for your assist me to invest. My Business is totally free
of risk and trouble.

If you are willing to help me invest this fund as my business partner
Please kindly get back to me for more details.

Best Regard
Sarh K

Anti-fraud resources: