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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mr Charles Renata <>
Date: Tue, 10 Sep 2019 02:56:10 -0700
Subject: Greetings,

Dear Friend,
How are you today? Hope all is well with you and your family? I hope
this mail finds you in an excellent condition of health. But if you do
not remember me, you have received an email from me in the past
regarding a multi-million-dollar business proposal which we never
concluded. I am using this opportunity to inform you that this
multi-million-dollar business has been concluded with another Merchant
who financed it to a logical conclusion.
I thank you for your great effort towards our unfinished transaction,
due to one reason or the other best to known you at that time. Due to
the effort, sincerity, and trustworthiness you showed during the course
of the transaction, we want to compensate you with your percentage and
show our gratitude to you with the sum of Two million, seven hundred
and fifty thousand United States dollars.I have left an international
certified bank draft for you, worth USD$2,750,000.00 cashable anywhere
in the world. My dear friend, please contact my other Lawyer, Mrs
Syvie Reine , so that she will release the draft to you. At the moment,
I'm very busy and will like you to accept this token with good faith as
this is from the bottom of my heart. Below is his contact information.
NAME: Mrs Syvie Reine.
TEL: +228(93)340436
Therefore, you should contact her and ask her to release the draft to
you because have instructed her to do so.
Best Regards,
Mr. Charles Renata.

Anti-fraud resources: