fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "is 100% risk free" (almost true for the criminal trying to scam you - arrests of online criminals are rare)
- "foreign remittance department" (Banks mentioned in 419 scams are always fake (real banks don't communicate using mobile phones or free webmail addresses))
- "dormant account" (Banks mentioned in 419 scams are always fake (real banks don't communicate using mobile phones or free webmail addresses))
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
Fraud email example:
From: "DR.RICHARD HUNT" <email@example.com>
Date: Wed, 18 Sep 2019 10:51:32 -0300
I am Dr.Richard Hunt, Foreign Remittance Department head, Santander Bank
Plc, United Kingdom. Your contact is courtesy of Business online network
for this noble course, which is 100% risk free. We discovered the sum of
(US$28,118,000.00) Twenty Eight Million, One Hundred and Eighteen Thousand
United States Dollars in a dormant account belonging to Late Mr. Morris
Thompson an American citizen who unfortunately lost his life in the plane
crash of Alaska Airlines Flight 261, which crashed on February 4th 2000,
with his wife and only daughter. You can read more on this website
I will give you detailed procedures once I receive your positive response,
as all I require is a renowned personnel to stand as next of Kin.
Foreign Remittance Department Head,
Santander Bank Plc, United Kingdom.