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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: anthony joseph <>
Date: Thu, 19 Sep 2019 15:08:21 +0400
Subject: Attention Needed.

Accept my apologies for this unexpected e-mail but my issue requires urgent
attention and I need your participation. I am a legal counsel to very
wealthy Oil Merchant from USA named (James Paul )who died some years ago in
Asian country. This gentleman died leaving a fix deposit of $15.500
(fifteen million five hundred United States Dollars) with a major Asian
Bank which I will disclose to you as you indicate your readiness to work
with me.

I have a very water-tight and sound plan to present you as his next-of-kin
to claim his account balance based on the fact that you are a foreigner
which position you easily as his rightful relation. As the account balance
is released to you, we shall therefore split the funds between ourselves.
Kindly get back to me through my secured and private email (; if you are interested within the next 48

I will intimate you with more details soon and steps to follow as I await
your swift reply. Please do include your direct phone number in your
response; I will call you to discuss the modalities with you.


Mr Anthony Joseph Dixon.

Anti-fraud resources: