fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "central bank of nigeria" (the name of a person or institution often appearing in 419 scams)
- "abuja" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "DR BELLO HASSAN" (may be fake)
Date: Sat, 28 Sep 2019 13:31:12 +0100
Subject: Attention PART-PAYMENT APPROVAL IN YOUR FAVOUR
Plot 33, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa Way
Central Business District ,
P.M..B. 187,Garki Abuja.
We the management of Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) wish to bring to
your notice that we have received an instruction
from the President Office, directing us to pay urgent attention to
your outstanding payment sum of Ten Million Five hundred Thousand USD
($10.5m) for irrevocable and final payment of above fund.
However, kindly inform us on the mode in which you will like to
receive your funds states below;MODE OF RECEIVING FUNDS
1. BANK TO BANK WIRE TRANSFER
2. ONLINE BUSINESS ACCOUNT
3. INTER SWITCH ATM CARD
4. CASHIER CHECK
Finally,we are bank and its our responsibility to serve you better and
give the best of our services to you,get back to us via email or phone
immediately you read this message for you to tell us your preferred
choice to receive your funds.
Thanks for your cooperation and we look forward to hearing
DR. BELLO HASSAN,
Director Foreign Operations Department,
Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN).
Key Telex Transfer (KTT