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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: James <>
Date: Tue, 1 Oct 2019 16:15:02 +0200 (CEST)

Good day my dear, I am Mr James Philip a delivery agent, the America
Embassy mandated me to complete the shipment of your package valued
US$ 12.9 Million. I just arrived this morning at Atlantic city
International Airport, New Jersey, now you will have to re-confirm
information to avoid wrong shipping
1. Full Names
2. Present Address
3. Telephone Number

As soon as I am through with the clearance here will proceed to your
address, waiting for your reply, you can call or text me on (314) 329-
Best regards,
Mr James Philip

Anti-fraud resources: