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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mike Givens <>
Reply-To: Mike Givens <>
Date: Sat, 5 Oct 2019 19:02:17 +0200 (CEST)
Subject: Compliment of this Business Offer


I have the privilege to write and introduce myself to you. My name is Mr Mike Givens. I am a financial consultant based in UK.
We have funds ready to be loaned to reputable companies and individuals to expand their businesses. This loan will be given on a very liberal terms and low interest rate. If you are interested, please get back to me for more details.Thanks for your anticipated cooperation. I am waiting for your reply.

Yours faithfully,

Mike Givens.

Anti-fraud resources: