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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Clinton Johnson <>
Reply-To: Clinton Johnson <>
Date: Mon, 7 Oct 2019 19:36:56 +0200 (CAT)
Subject: LOAN

Do you need a loan urgently to pay off your bills and debts or you need a Business Loan? have been rejected by banks?Do you need a consolidation loan or mortgage? we are here to make all your financial problems a thing of the past. We lend funds from $5,000 euro to $20,000,000.00 for a repayment period of 1 to 30 years to Individuals in need of financial assistance at the rate of 2%. I want to use this medium to inform you That We Provide a reliable and beneficiary assistance and will be willing to offer you a loan. So contact us today by email at:

This message has been scanned by E.F.A. Project and is believed to be clean.

Anti-fraud resources: