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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr David Charles," (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 7 Oct 2019 14:05:58 -0700
Subject: From Mr David Charles,


I am Mr David Charles an investment agent to one top Libyan politician who just visited Ghana and looking for a trustworthy person who he can trust for the investment of his US$200, 000, 000. 00. [Two Hundred million dollars] If you are interested, then send your passport and promissory note that you will not cheat me as I am an agent in this business. You can email me, please strictly on the email, so as to enable us talk and agreed before I can introduce you to the owner.


Mr David Charles,


Anti-fraud resources: