fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: William Aliba <email@example.com>
Date: Mon, 07 Oct 2019 23:12:31 +0100
Subject: Private Investment Proposal
My name is William Aliba, a politician and a previous member of Ghana's
executive committee on contract awards. I would like to seek your
permission to present to you my Financial Proposal that might interests
I was able to deposit some kickback money from award of contracts
foreign companies few years ago in a security vault in Ghana. This
motivated me to source for a credible Individual with wealth of
experience in the areas of Entrepreneur, Fund Management and
Investments. This Individual is to partner with me by standing as the
Beneficiary of US$25 million in order to facilitate and expedite bank to
bank swift transfer of the aforementioned amount to your designated bank
account in your Country. I therefore need you to confirm if you have the
capacity to receive the aforesaid fund without my involvement due to my
political status in Ghana.
Nevertheless,If you accept to partner with me on this transaction, you
will retain 30% of the US$25 million while Net Profits from any
investment established will be shared 50/50.I will provide evidence of
availability of the US$25 million such as Bank Statement, Certificate of
Fund Ownership and Proof of Fund Letter for your record. This
transaction requires collective responsibilities whereby each party have
a role to play in order to make our dream come to reality. If this offer
interests you, please respond for discussion of this business deal in
Mr. William Aliba