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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mrs.Rida zafirah"<>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 8 Oct 2019 06:33:19 +0700
Subject: Business Proposal.

Greetings from Damascus,

Hope you and your family are in good health? I'm Mrs.Rida zafirah a Citizen of Syria lived in Damascus. I work with Syria National Petroleum Company before as director for (Syria Oil Company).

I will like to relocate my business investment capital worth US$19,000,000.00 to your country,Because of serious war in my country. I am open for any viable ideas you can suggest to me.

Kindly let me know if you are interested so that we can discuss further.

Waiting for your urgent reply.

Mrs.Rida zafirah

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Anti-fraud resources: