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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "James Harris" <>
Date: Tue, 8 Oct 2019 07:08:20 +0300 (EEST)
Subject: Attention Please !


We write to inform you that our delivery agent has arrived jfk
International Airport New York with your Package Fund worth $4.7 million
USD,His name is Wilson Maxwell E-mail him at( )
Cell Phone +1(202) 478-4809.And also email him with your full information
so that he will deliver the Package Fund to you as soon as possible.

Full name
Nearest airport

Dr James Harris

Anti-fraud resources: