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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mike Mosely" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 7 Oct 2019 23:42:53 -0700
Subject: Attn: Beneficiary

Attn: Beneficiary.
I had previously contacted you through your e-mail in  regards your compensation Fund here in our custody but no response from you yet.
I wish to  officially inform you again  that  your   funds which have being duly approved for immediate payment by World Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF) has been approved for release to you and I was mandated through my office to  contact you for the release of the  fund  US$3.5Million (US$3,500,000.00) to you as the beneficiary.
But Mr. John T. Kehoe came to my office with a Power of Attorney  stated that you instructed him to receive the fund on your behalf.
For Security Reason I need to know:
1. Did you instruct  Mr. John T. Kehoe of 1200 Fitch way, Sacramento, CA. 95864, to claim and receive the payment on your behalf?
2. Did you sign any 'Power of Attorney ' in his favor thereby making him the current beneficiary?
If you did not instruct Mr. John T Kehoe to receive the funds on your behalf, then confirm the following details to me for immediate release of your fund to you without any delay:
Your Name...............
Your Address ...............
Your Telephone No...............
Your Occupation .............
Note that this is a World Bank and IMF payment  Gazetted Directives  as i will not remind you about this again
I am waiting to hear from you
Mike Mosely.
International Monetary fund (IMF)
London UK Department.

Anti-fraud resources: