fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "from the desk of" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- ",500,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "waiting for your urgent response" (scammers rush victims so they don't have time to think properly)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Hon.Roger Nkodo Dang" (may be fake)
Date: Tue, 8 Oct 2019 02:15:23 -0700
Subject: Your Inter-Switch ATM VISA Card Ready
From The Desk Of Hon.Roger Nkodo Dang
President of the Pan-African Parliament
The African Court of Justice
I am Hon. Roger Nkodo Dang, the President of the Pan-African Parliament constituted by African Court of Justice. I write to inform you that your US$5.5M compensation payment file was forwarded to my office as agreement reached between Nigeria Government, African Union Compensation Commissioner(AUCC), United Nations (UN) and (IMF) .
As the Head of the Pan-African Parliament. we are here to enforce any approval/order by The African Court of Justice. After our deliberation with Nigeria government, UN and IMF, and constant complain from International Community regarding unpaid beneficiaries payment funds from Africa, more especially Nigeria. we have therefore, instructed the Nigerian paying bank to credit in your favour "an Inter-Switch ATM VISA Card valued US$5,500,000.00 funds.
Your Personal Identification Number of the VISA CARD are ATM-6678763556037435.The ATM Card has a daily withdrawal limit of US$7,000.00 per Day.
You are advised to contact our payment representative in Nigeria, Dr.Patrick Orkar for onward sending of your ATM VISA CARD to your home address,which you can use in any nearby cash point,shopping mall or any bank ATM machine around you.You can make withdrawal of money from your International ATM VISA Card from any ATM MACHINE location or center of your choice/nearest to you,or in any part of the world.
Contact him immediately for your ATM VISA CARD payment instrument, and forward the following information to him.
Contact Person: DR.ORKAR PATRICK.
E-mail address : firstname.lastname@example.org
1).Your Full Name:
2)Your Contact Address:
3).Your Cell-phone Number:
5).A scan copy of your international passport or Drivers license.
Waiting for your urgent response
Hon.Roger Nkodo Dang