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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Patrick Ayah <>
Date: Tue, 8 Oct 2019 04:42:12 -0700

Good day,

I am writing you as an investor in the area of Real Estate,
I have a huge amount of money $200,000,000,00
(Two hundred million united state dollars)
that I want to invest into real estate and i need
a trust worthy person or company overseas who will help me to manage
the funds.

I am looking for your cooperation in building a Tourist Hotel or Real
Estate in your country. I am sorry if this is not in line with your

I need an experienced person to assist me to set up, develop the
project or help me contact someone who is capable of controlling such
a large project. I am sorry if I have intruded on your privacy or
barged on you without your permission.

I have a very rewarding project
which I think will be beneficial to both of us putting
trust,confidentiality into focus.
I am waiting for your urgent reply so that we will starts immediately
on how the funds will be move to you in your country through the

If after going through this email
you do not find it interesting please disregard it and send me a
formal response.

Your immediate reply will be highly appreciated and I shall give you
more information on this project.

I wait for your urgent response.

Patrick Ayah.

Anti-fraud resources: