fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "(ecowas)" (the name of a person or institution often appearing in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: Mr john obisheh <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Mon, 14 Oct 2019 04:46:34 +0100
Subject: TREAT AS URGENT
This is to officially inform you that we have verified your inheritance file and found out that why you have not received your Inheritance payment which was approve by united nation in your name is because you have not fulfilled the obligations given to you in respect of your inheritance payment.
After our meeting with Economic Community Of West African States (ECOWAS) and also with IMF we are agree to pay thru our corresponding bank united bank for Africa .Right Now We Have Arranged Your Payment Through Our ONLINE TRANSFER
Paying bank Via Our Online Banking Service which we will allow you to sit in your house with your computer to access your account balance Online and also allow you to make withdrawals from your account with united bank of Africa which we are going to open will be part payment of your fund which will be 10.5000.00 million United States dollars only.
CONTACT united bank for africa information below.
UBA BANK PLC
Mr john obisheh