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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "INVESTOR" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 17 Oct 2019 15:10:29 -0700
Subject: Participate As Broker/Agent

I wish to invite you to participate as broker/agent to our individualized equity investment portfolio management program. We are a Dubai-based international investment company with a primary focus on private and public equity with over 500 billions of private and corporate investment portfolios.
We are privately looking for businessmen and women who will be willing to act as investment portfolio holders and administrators to manage these funds. We currently seeking means of relocating our funds and our business interest abroad by granting soft loans to both cooperate/private entities at a low interest rate of 2% ROI per annum in the form of Soft Loan in the following sectors: oil/Gas, banking, real estate, stock speculation and mining, transportation, health sector and tobacco, Communication Services, Agriculture Forestry & Fishing,thus any viable sector and we wish to re-invest these funds by putting it into the management of private businessmen and corporations with good business ideas.
The fund will be disbursed based on a clear Soft loan term of 2% interest rate per annum for 5 years renewable tenure. Please contact us directly on for more details.
Customer Care Unit,

Anti-fraud resources: