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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: James Bayagida <>
Date: Thu, 17 Oct 2019 09:38:14 -0700
Subject: Hi dear

*My name is James Bayagida, a philanthropist and the founder of The
Atlantic Philanthropies, one of the largest private foundations in the
world. I believe strongly in ‘giving while living.’ I had one idea that
never changed in my mind that you should use your wealth to help people and
I have decided to secretly give $12.9Million USD to randomly selected
individuals worldwide. On receipt of this email, you should count yourself
as the lucky individual. Your email address was chosen online while
searching at random. Kindly get back to me at your earliest convenience, so
I know your email address is valid.*

Anti-fraud resources: