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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Yuval" <>
Date: 3 Oct 2019 06:23:46 -0500
Subject: Business Proposal - Please Reply


My name is Yuval Rose. I have an urgent lucrative business
opportunity for you worth over 15 Milli0n US D0llars. I got your
details on the internet when I was searching for a reliable
person that can handle this deal and I believe you can handle it.
Waiting for your speedy reply for further and complete details.

Send reply to:

Best Regards


Anti-fraud resources: