fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "fund beneficiary" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "diplomatic courier" ("diplomats" who perform deliveries of cash or other valuables to you only exist in 419 scams)
- "power of attorney" (with your bank details and a power of attorney form criminals sometimes empty bank accounts)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.
Fraud email example:
From: Daniel Duke<email@example.com>
Date: 17 Oct 2019 22:54:38 +0200
Subject: RECIEVE PACKAGE BEFORE XMAS..CONGRATULATIONS ONCE MORE
The sum of $4.5 million. out of your over due total sum has been
approved for payment through ATM cash card system after all
attempts to pay you through bank, and diplomatic courier failed.
The approved sum has been programmed into the ATM cash card which
will be dispatched to you through your address upon
I have made several attempts to contact you and this is the 3rd
and perhaps the last email to you in respect to this matter.
Meanwhile, I received a power of attorney from one CAM BELL
WILLIE from USA purportedly issued by you asking us to change the
fund beneficiary to his name hence we are seeking for your
confirmation as soon as possible. to this end, you should Kindly
Re-confirm these information to me.
(1) Your Full Names:-
(3) Your Phone Numbers:-
NOTE: The actual fees for shipping your ATM card is just $150.00
nothing more and no hidden fees of any sort! Upon receipt of
payment the delivery officer will ensure that your package is
sent within 24 working hours. Because I am very sure of
everything I am giving you a 100% money back guarantee if you do
not receive payment/package within the next 24 hrs after you have
made the payment for shipping.
Mr. Daniel Duke