fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "email@example.com" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a fake lottery scam. Consider the following facts about real lotteries:
- They don't notify winners by email.
- You can't win without first buying a lottery ticket.
- They don't randomly select email addresses to award prizes to.
- They don't use free email accounts (Yahoo, Hotmail, etc) to communicate with you.
- They don't tell you to call a mobile phone number.
- They don't tell you to keep your winnings secret.
- They will never ask a winner to pay any fees to receive a prize!
Fraud email example:
From: "Mrs.Janet Robert" (may be fake)
Date: Fri, 18 Oct 2019 07:48:45 -0000
Subject: Congratulation Lucky Winner
Congratulation Lucky Winner
This is to inform you that you have been selected for a prize of a brand new 2019 Model BMW 7 Series Car and a Check of $500,000.00usd from the international programs held on the 2nd section 2019 in the UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.
The selection process was carried out through random selection and we require you respond ASAP with your winning number BMW:4661256703/10/19 to Mr. Christopher Parry by text 347 382 6705 and email at: firstname.lastname@example.org It's imperative you send also your names in full with address for prompt attention.
For security reasons, we advice all winners to keep this information confidential from the public until your claim is processed and your prize money remitted/released to you to avoid double claiming.
THE DIRECTOR PROMOTIONSBMW LOTTERY DEPARTMENT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.