fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "contact me immediately" (scammers rush victims so they don't have time to think properly)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Chase Morgan Bank - Mr. Dapo Olagunju" <<dapo.olagunju@chaseMG.com>>
Date: Sun, 20 Oct 2019 20:10:16 +0200
Subject: Re: Your Abandoned Inter Bank Deposit ......... gm
Managing Director & Head of West Africa
JPMorgan Chase & Co
+1 (516) 744-1351
I am divulging this vital information to you which entails an
inheritance investment amount abandoned with our bank which is
valued at US$5,400,000.00 million.
The management of the JPMorgan Chase is undergoing a process of
confiscation of unclaimed, unfiltered, incomplete and suspected
deposits emanating and originating from West African banks.
Your name with file no: JPMC-WSAF-XX01593 is on the list
submitted. It is my designate, legal and official duty for final
assessment before confiscation is carried out.
Presently, I am in West Africa for a Thirty (30) days valuation
process and external auditing. If youre still willing to squash
the confiscation and thereby receive the US$5,400,000.00, contact