fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "hundred thousand united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "dear beneficiary," (this SPAM email was probably sent to thousands of people)
- "foreign remittance department" (Banks mentioned in 419 scams are always fake (real banks don't communicate using mobile phones or free webmail addresses))
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "FIRST NATIONAL BANK" <email@example.com>
Date: Fri, 04 Oct 2019 04:54:57 -0700
Subject: ***SPAM(9.8)*** Approved Funds
FOREIGN REMITTANCE DEPARTMENT
106 New Jersey Avenue,
Absecon, New Jersey NJ 8201
After our meeting few days ago with the President of Federal Republic of Nigeria, President Muhammadu Buhari, the senate President, Senator Ahmed Ibrahim Lawan, the Central Bank Governor, Mr. Godwin Emefiele, and the Federal Executive councils, It was Resolved and Agreed upon that your Funds of $10.5M (Ten Million, Five Hundred Thousand United States Dollars). Will be released to you on a special method of payment Such as: Bank to Bank Wire Transfer or ATM card delivery as a compensation for been a scammed victim.
However, you would be required to provide to us all the necessary information stipulated below and return to us immediately to enable us proceed with either Bank Wire Transfer or through ATM Card delivery without any delay.
( 1 ) Your Name........
( 2 ) Your House Address.......
( 3 ) Sex............
( 4 ) Your Age...........
( 5 ) Your Mobile/Telephone Number...
( 6 ) Your Country......
( 7 ) Your Next of Kin........
( 8 ) Your Occupation.........
Therefore, be informed that this development is real and nothing contrary hence you cannot be disappointed because it is not a business as usual. There is a committee set-up by the US government in power to monitor this arrangement to make sure that all beneficiaries dully receive their money and that is why your name came up for this therefore you are assured of a good result this time.
Mr. Frank Anthony
Banking & Chief Cashier