fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million us dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "central bank of nigeria" (the name of a person or institution often appearing in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: "ADAMU" (may be fake)
Date: Mon, 21 Oct 2019 00:12:06 -0700
Subject: URGENT INFORMATION
My Name is Mr Edward L.Adamu Deputy Governor Central Bank of Nigeria, if you know that you have contract/Inheritance Fund with Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation NNPC/Central Bank of Nigeria CBN from the year 1990 to 2019 what sum of $10.5 Million US dollars/ $2 Billion US dollars please contact me with your personal information so that we can conclude your contract/Inheritance fund transfer.
Full Name of Beneficiary.......
Direct Telephone Numbers.......
Bank Name and Address..........
Your I.D Card..................
You can also call me for more information.
Mr Edward L.Adamu
Deputy Governor Central Bank Of Nigeria