fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear sir/madam" (a standard Nigerian greeting phrase)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Zamil Group Holding" <email@example.com>
Date: Fri, 1 Nov 2019 08:16:14 -0700
Subject: RE: TRANSACTION PROPOSAL
We are an Investment Funding Broker/Advisory Company based in the United Kingdom, scouting for viable projects and business investments to be funded by Zamil Group Holding in Saudi Arabia, for Joint Venture Project & Investment funding / Project Loan Program.
Zamil Group Holding is offering a Joint Venture (JV) Project & Investment Funding Program to diversify their investments with partners seeking project funding as non-recourse for a qualified project(s) for one tranche or multiple drawdowns with a large contract and multiple or series of tranches.
This Funding program allows the project owner to enjoy 70% of the profit while Zamil Group takes 30% JV partnership per annum for a period of 5-20 years. Zamil Group Holding can approve a project funding from USD $5 Million to USD $5 Billion depending on the nature and viability of the business, investment or project. We are currently interested in funding viable businesses, investments or projects in the following areas of interest: Starting up a Franchise Business Acquisition Business Expansion Capital / Infrastructural Project Commercial Real Estate purchase Contract Execution * Trade Financing We are open to having a good business relationship with you.
If you have a valid business, investment or project to fund, please provide us with the business plan, executive summary, financial information, etc for assessment and review. Please do not hesitate to contact us for possible business co-operation if you are interested to contact me
With much respect,
Mr. Edwards Jones