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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

Click here to report a problem with this page.



Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Engr. Ian G. Udoh" <>
Date: Fri, 1 Nov 2019 20:58:57 +0100
Subject: Bequest Fund

Good Day,

We are contacting you regarding the contract balance sum of US$86.4
million, Contract Number: NNPC/FGN/TAM/KWP-0920/16. This contract was
awarded to ENGR. FREDRICK STEWART for the supplies of Pipelines and
other accessories for the Turnaround Maintenance of the Three
Refineries in Nigeria (Kaduna, Warri and Port Harcourt).

The Federal Executive Council of Nigeria and Federal Ministry of
Finance have approved the 30% contract balance of US$86.4 million for
payment to the contractor. But the reason we are contacting you now
instead of Engr. Fedrick Stewart is because, before ENGR. FREDRICK
STEWART relocated back to his country for Cancer Treatment, he
submitted your details to us to release the Contract balance to you as
his next of kin and instructed us to contact you whenever the contract
balance is approved.

The contract balance of US$86.4 million is now ready for payment and
you are the only person in the rightful position to receive this
contract balance, so we implore you to confirm to us the details

Your Full Name
Contact Address
Direct Telephone Number
Any means of Identification

Finally, upon the receipt of your response, we shall send you copies
of the contract document for your perusal and direction on how this
payment will be release to you.

Kindly get back to us for more details.


Engr. Ian G. Udoh
Operational Manager, NNPC

Anti-fraud resources: