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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Luuk Janssen" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 1 Nov 2019 22:15:46 -0700
Subject: Needs Business Plans ...

Attn: Sir,

My name is Luuk Janssen, I represent a good

investor as a financial consultant. We need

good and viable business plans from capable

companies all over the world. My principal

investor can invest in your viable project if

you do have any, so if you and your company

welcomes our business proposal, both parties

will meet face to face to decide and discuss

proceedings; after-which the investor will

visit your project site for inspection in your

country before going forward with proper

documentation and funding.


Luuk Janssen
Email :

Anti-fraud resources: