fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "very confidential" (scammers urge victims to keep the transaction secret because they don't want anyone to point out to them that it is a scam)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr G. A. Mboweni - Senior Associate Investment Manager" (may be fake)
Date: Sat, 2 Nov 2019 11:54:43 -0700
Subject: Mutual Investment Opportunity
I hereby formally ask your consent to present you with this mutual
investment opportunity for consideration, based on my private search via
the (F.C.C) for a reliable partner with the capacity to go into a
beneficial business partnership. Due to the sensitivity and political
position of the person's involved in his country- Angola, I have been
mandated to source for a foreign partner solely for safe keeping /
re-Investments of his Assets / funds in excess of US$155.7m in form of
Investment Funding , Foreign Loan or Joint Venture.
Once I am convinced on your ability to handle the said Assets, maintain
absolute and non-disclosure of sensitive information thereby keeping all
details at your disposals very confidential, I will provide you with
necessary information and documentations relating to the said Assets and
particulars of the client for your perusal. If you have the required
management skills and capacity, Viable projects or possible investment
opportunities, existing business that requires financial support on any
level, said assets / funds could be transitioned into an Investment Fund
under your sole management and operations for an agreed terms which will
be exchanged in form of MOU/Partnership agreement.
Am available to discuss the above subject in details, please feel free to
connect with me on the below mentioned number on receipt of this message
for any questions and clarification, Thanking you for your time in reading
my message, while I look forward to hearing back from you soon and hoping
you would treat the content with utmost discretion. Should you have
further interest in our business collaboration options and to see our full
procedures, please send us your official interest asap via the email
address listed below.
Mr G. A. Mboweni
Mobile: + 44 742 407 6555