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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mrs Cynthia Mercy Zuma" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 1 Nov 2019 00:46:11 -0700

Union Bank PLC.
Address: 13 Fredman Drive 8th Floor,
Norwich Sandton,
Johannesburg 2199 South Africa
Customer care email:

Hello Friend,

Your compensation funds worth $5.5 Million in ATM Card is ready for
shipment. Urgently reconfirm to our bank your Delivery address and
your direct phone number immediately for shipment.
Please get back to me at my direct email address at;
,for more details of your payment and shipment.

Thanks as I anticipate your cordial compliance.
Mrs Cynthia Mercy Zuma ( ATM CARD Issuance unit)

Anti-fraud resources: