fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Office of Foreign Assets Control" <email@example.com>
Date: Fri, 01 Nov 2019 23:44:43 -0700
Subject: OFAC Part-Time Job Offer
Office of Foreign Assets Control
U.S. Department of the Treasury
1500 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20220
The Office Of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC), is currently recruiting fre=
elance part-time Workers in specific locations to help with its field activ=
ities. The Job specification Includes field and research duties, collating =
information on specific individuals and companies through local news storie=
s and keeping us abreast on local developments concerning these aforementio=
ned companies and individuals. Take note, that more information on your tas=
ks (subject) would be provided to you in due time.
If interested, kindly reply to this letter with your Full name, City, an=
d Country. If we deem you fit enough for this lucrative part-time job, the =
head of Our HR Department, Mr. Thomas Cahill, would be in contact to provid=
e you with your appointment letter, Salary details, and job description.