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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 2 Nov 2019 10:48:31 +0100

Dear Verified Payment Beneficiary,

This is to inform you that the Federal Reserve Bank USA have been officially authorized and mandated as the Custodian of all unpaid and verified funds. All funds not yet paid to beneficiaries are now deposited with the Federal Reserve Bank USA for processing and instant payment to the respective beneficiaries after due verification of the beneficiary details. The Federal Reserve Bank is to carry out these payments with 371 designated International Banks and Financial Houses to ensure that all unpaid Contract Funds, unpaid Loans and Investment Funds, unpaid Inheritance Funds, unpaid Lottery/Lotto Funds and all abandoned consignment funds and Debit Card Payments which have been abandoned at the various airports around the World, security vaults and safe deposit vaults will be duly paid to the respective beneficiaries whose details have been official verified and confirmed to receive their payments without any COST to the beneficiary nor delay.

Your payment is ready as approved, Send in your details for verification and payment release to you.

Your full names, contact address, cell/mobile phone number, age and sex.

Reply with the above details for verification and payment.


Eric Rosengren
Federal Reserve Bank Payment Committee
Federal Reserve Bank USA

Anti-fraud resources: