fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "hundred thousand us dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "email@example.com" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a "dying merchant" scam.
Fraud email example:
From: DR BYUNG KYO KIM <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Sat, 2 Nov 2019 11:54:19 +0000
Subject: MY NEW YEAR GIFT OF HOPE.
MY NEW YEAR GIFT OF HOPE.
Kindly send your response to my private ( email@example.com )
I am Dr Byung kyo kim, a 75 year old South Korean National, I have
come across your
name and contact as I search for a reliable, capable and trustworthy
execute my last wish.I am contacting you regardless of your race, sex, religion,
citizenship,country,from my sick bed as i have been diagnosed of
unfortunately my doctor said i don't have any chance to survive except
by a miracle.
I was a former United Nations consultant director of economic and social affairs
in Africa for many years before i retired and went into full time business.
Though I am very rich, I was never generous and never really cared for anyone
(not even myself) but my business.I was always hostile to people and
on my business as that was the only thing I cared for.
But now I regret all this as I now know that there is more to life
than the desire to
amass all the wealth in the world. I believe if i get a second chance
to come to this
world I would live my life a different way from how I have lived it.I
have willed and
given most of my properties and assets to my immediate and extended
as well as a few close friends.
I want almighty to be merciful to me and save my soul. I have decided
to give alms to
charity organizations, as I want this to be one of the last good deeds
I do on earth.
So far, I have Distributed money to some charity organizations in the
Africa and Asia.
Now that my health has deteriorated, I cannot do anything myself anymore.I once
asked members of my family to close one of my accounts and distribute the money
in the account charity organization in India and Pakistan, they
refused and kept the
money to themselves.
Hence, I do not trust them anymore,as they seem not to be contended
with what I have
left for them. The last of my money which i secured in a foreign
country that is not known
to anybody only me is the sum of FIVE MILLION FIVE HUNDRED THOUSAND US DOLLARS.
I want you, regardless of your race, sex, religion, citizen,country,
to retrieve this money
and use 80% of it to assist and finance motherless children,orphanages,the
handicapped, the less privileged etc,while the remaining 20% of the total
sum is for your own personal use.
I don't need any telephone communication in this regard because of the
condition of my treatments.
Upon your response and acceptance of my proposal I will introduce you
to the finance
house where i secured this money and also issue a letter of
authorization that will
certify you the official beneficiary of this amount.
Dr Byung kyo kim.