fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "hundred thousand u.s dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: Mr Thompson Govo <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Tue, 12 Nov 2019 01:34:41 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: Please urgent response.
Please urgent response.
I am Mr Thompson Govo..., the Audit and Account Manager
(BOAP)Bank in Ouagadougou Burkina Faso west Africa.
My Dear,How are you together with your family? Considering the fact, I
did not know you in person or even have seen you before but due to the
true revelation that I should share this lucrative opportunity with
you, I have no choice other than to contact you. So,kindly consider
this message essential and confidential.
I had the intent to contact you over transfer of fund worth the sum of
four million two hundred thousand u.s dollars. (US$4,2 Million for
the betterment of our life, I agree 50% of the total amount will be
for you and 50% for me.
I need your urgent response on assurance of trust that you will not
deny my share when once the fund is transfer to your personal bank
Your urgently responses is needed reply with your information as I
stated it below for more details.
1). Full names:...
2). private phone number
Mr Thompson Govo
contact me with this email (email@example.com)