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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr. Peter Cernj" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 24 Nov 2019 13:23:52 +0200
Subject: Dear Sir/Madam, IMPORTANT INFORMATION..6

Good day


I am Mr Peter the newly appointed director international monetary fund UK chapter, I personally like to negotiate with you if you have the capacity to receive the sum of $25,000 000.00usd (Twenty Five Million United State Dollars) in your country, this fund is part of fund recovery from the late formal Libyan president Muamrma Gaddafi, there is no risk involve, i will do all the paper work, this transaction will only take two to three working days to complete, 40% for you 60% for me, consider the me direct to my private Email; whatsap +447418479099.

Thank you.

Dr. Peter Cernj

Anti-fraud resources: