fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "sani abacha" (the name of a person or institution often appearing in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Piyush Gupta" (may be fake)
Date: Wed, 27 Nov 2019 15:13:35 +0800
Subject: BUSINESS INTEREST!!
My name is Piyush Gupta, the Chief Executive Officer, Development Bank of Singapore (DBS).Following the United Nations concern on recovering looted fund starched in Europe, Asia, United States and Canada by the African leaders, our bank, DBS, confirmed USD450M which was deposited by Late Nigeria Military Head of State, Alhaji Sani Abacha in our bank . We declared USD400M to the appropriate Agency of the Singapore Government.
With my executive position, I have decided to divert the balance USD50M to a foreign bank account. But considering my position in the bank, I will not be able to do it alone successfully.That is why I have decided to seek for a reliable person to be trusted for the business in order to receive the fund in his/her nominated bank account oversea. Although, I don't know you before, in my search for a suitable personality, I came across your contact and decided to seek your interested and whether you have the capacity to handle this type of transaction. If you are interested and ready to facilitate the transaction with me, you will be entitled to 35% at the conclusion.
Note: With utmost humility, if you do not have good financial base for the transaction please disregard this message needless to waste anybody's time.
I anticipate your quick response.