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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Ostandan Farhang" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 28 Nov 2019 08:13:49 +0100
Subject: Dear Friend.

Dear Friend,
Greetings to you and I hope this message finds you in good health.
I know you will be surprise receiving this confidential and urgent letter in this manner, though I will start with the introduction of myself to you, I am Mr. Ostandan Farhang, an Iranian, a merchant based here in Dubai, United Arab Emirates {UAE}. I have been diagnosed with cancer which was discovered very late, due to my laxity in caring for my health. Though the Doctors are really doing their best now and I know that am responding back to treatment this time.
Now my business is at the verge of crumbling and my extended family members are taking advantage of my illness and non of them bothered to care about my aged mother or neither do they care about me. I have vowed never to do anything with them because of their selfish interest towards my businesses.
My Plead is that you help me to receive my Inheritance Fund of US$12,800,000.00 (Twelve Million Eight Hundred Thousand United States Dollars Only) in HSBC BANK LONDON to your account so that we can invest it in any business in your country.
Though my business was actually Oil and Gas, I also engage little in Agriculture and Real Estate and Foundations, but if you have a better idea on a good and lucrative business that one can invest on in your country, you can equally introduce that to me, if you have an idea to run this business in your country probably we can initiate a better ideas.
I need your urgent reply on this so that I will not have to go on sourcing for another credible person to handle this project. If you are okay with the
condition, please do not hesitate to reply my email so that I can furnish you up with all the information needed for this great transaction. The bank will transfer the money to your account as you wish.
I wish to hear from you soon.
Mr. Ostandan Farhang.

Anti-fraud resources: