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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mrs. Carla Grasso" <>
Date: Tue, 03 Dec 2019 09:03:27 -0800
Subject: Compensation funds!

Payment File No: KG-008/PB-12/19

Dear Fund Beneficiary:

This is to inform you that your compensation funds worth 3,100,000.00 USD was deposited in Ponce Bank. However, you are to contact Mr. Derrick M. Ruben for this claim. Send the following details to him:

Full Name:..........
Valid Address:......
Phone No.:...........
Valid ID:..........
Payment Methods are (Bank Transfer, ATM Card and Cashier Check).

Name: Mr. Derrick M. Ruben
Text/Call: +1 (512) 861-2727

Good luck,

Mrs. Carla Grasso
(IMF Deputy Managing Director
and Chief Administrative Officer)
WhatsApp only: +1 (407) 789-0348

Anti-fraud resources: