fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- ",000,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "your loan " (Beware of fake loan offers. Real lenders would not normally use free webmail addresses such as Yahoo, nor would they lend to individuals or small businesses in a different country from where they are based. Beware of mobile phones or redirector numbers!)
- "email@example.com" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: Abraham Lee <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Tue, 3 Dec 2019 13:05:25 -0800
It is our humble pleasure in bringing to your doorstep, the very best of loan financing investment options. We understand the challenges of getting approved for a loan with a less than stellar credit score and history. This is why we have specialized for many years in serving and processing the approval of loans for individuals who don't have such credit scores. We offer business loans, housing loans, and so many others as well as cover all your loan needs with an exciting interest rates and effortless payment plans.
We are working towards expanding our international portfolio globally and funding projects in form of debt financing from $2 Million and above. This Funding program allows a client to enjoy low interest payback for as low as 3 - 4% per annum for a period of 7 to 10 years. We can also approve personal and business loans from the tune of $1,000,000.00 to $2,000,000.00 USD depending on the nature of business. We currently provide funding for:
* Start-Up Franchise
* Business Acquisition
* Business Expansion
* Commercial Real Estate purchase
* Contract Execution
Our goal is to be able to help everyone as much as possible, regardless of what your credit report has to say. We didn't establish our company to discriminate.
We would be happy to receive your Executive Summary/Project Plan as well as accepting an NDA. It is our firms resolve to diligently participate in any viable project of your choice with a view of financing and providing soft loans for such.
Your prompt response is awaited.
Mr. Abraham Lee