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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Charles" <>
Date: 4 Dec 2019 22:44:56 +0300
Subject: Hope to get your reply within 48 hours

Hello and good day,

My name is Charles, and I am contacting you to know first and
foremost, if your private or company bank account in Japan or
elsewhere can receive a total of 15 Million US Dollars
(Approximately 1.6 Billion JPÂ¥) at the shortest notice? If yes,
then kindly reply for further and complete details.

Expecting your reply as soon as possible because we have limited
time to have this fund in your nominated bank account.

Doumo Arigatou.

Charles Renfroe.

Anti-fraud resources: