fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a "New Partner from Paraguay" scam.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (AOL; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr.Gagan Sahni" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Thu, 5 Dec 2019 03:45:19 +0800 (SGT)
Hello Good Friend.
I'm happy to inform you about my success in getting those funds
transferred under the cooperation of a new partner from Paraguay.
Presently i'm in Paraguay for investment projects with my own share of the
Now contact my Secretary,his name is MR ROBERT ZEAL, on his email address
here as( email@example.com ) ask him to send you the total ($1.2m)one
million two hundred thousand dollars which i kept for your compensation
for all the past efforts and attempts you try to assist me in this matter.
I appreciated your efforts at that time very much only that it fail us
some how. so feel free and get in touched with my secretary and instruct
her where to send the amount to you.
Please do let me know immediately you receive it so that we can share the
joy after all the sufferness at that time. in the moment, i am very busy
here because of the investment projects which me and the new partner are
having at hand, finally, remember that I had forwarded instruction to the
secretary on your behalf to receive that money, so feel free to get in
touch with MR ROBERT ZEAL, he will send the amount to you without any
delay.....Do not forget to use some money inside to give thanks giving to
ALMIGHTY GOD IN ANY YOUR RELIGION.....my secretary email address is is
4:YOURDIRECT PHONE NUMBER:........
Send an email to him with the above email and apply for your fund as i
have informed him about you already.