fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear friend" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- This email message is a "New Partner from Paraguay" scam.
Fraud email example:
Date: Thu, 05 Dec 2019 04:41:15 +0100
Subject: Hello Friend
Dear friend ,Â Â Â
I'm sorry but happy to inform you about my success in getting those
funds transferred under the cooperation of a new partner from United
States of America though i tried my best to involve you in the business
but God decided the whole situations. Presently I'm in United states of
America for investment projects with my own share of the total sum.
meanwhile,i didn't forget your past efforts and attempts to assist me in
transferring those funds despite that it failed us some how.Â
Now contact my secretary in Burkina Faso her name is Ms. Evelyn on her
e-mail address below: email@example.com Â Ask her to send to you the
total sum of $1.7 Million which i kept for your compensation for all the
past efforts and attempts to assist me in this matter.
I appreciated your efforts at that time very much. so feel free and get
in touched with my secretary.Â Â Iâm very busy here because of the
investment projects which I and the new partner are having at hand,
finally, Remember that I had forwarded instruction to the secretary on
your behalf to receive that money, So feel free to get in touch with