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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: From the President of the Senate <>
Date: Wed, 4 Dec 2019 22:34:58 -0800
Subject: Re: Attention : Beneficiary

The President of Nigeria MUHAMMADU BUHARI and SENATORS have agree to
compensate all the foreign investors that has one business with Nigerians
or the other but didn't receive their fund,they have decide to compensate
the person with sum one million seven hundred thousand united states
dollars if you are one of the victim get back to us with your full
information to show that you are the rightful person.
President of the Senate
Ahmed Hassan Lawal

Anti-fraud resources: