fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Central Bank Of Nigeria Governor Office." <email@example.com>
Date: Tue, 10 Dec 2019 02:07:42 +0100
Subject: Governor Remittance Advice.
*Central Bank Governor Office,Foreign Clearance Treasury Control
Payment.Tinubu Square Victoria Island.Abuja-Lagos-Nigeria.Dear: Sir/Madam,
*I write to inform you that I have endorse & release the usd9.6million
President Muhammadu Buhari approved for your settlement through your E-mail
address name and have dispatched the funds suitcase packaged to the
appointed Agent to delivery the packaged funds suitcase at your doorstep
address today / tomorrow because of time different as directed by our
Federal Government of Nigeria Payment Boards Authorities.However, you are
advice now to forward your Full Name, Receiving Address, Telephone number,
Occupation with any of your Passport copy to the Delivering Agent Email
address to delivery your funds packaged suitcase to you, because I have
giving him money to pay for the airport securities entrance clearance of
your cash funds suitcase luggage at Nigeria Murtala Muhammad International
Airport for immediate departure and delivery the approved usd9.6Million to
your country home doorstep address.Therefore wait for the agent arrival at
your home country delivering doorstep, AND YOU ARE WARN, to stop any
further communications WITH DIFFERENCES FRAUDULENT EMAILS MESSAGES AND
CALLS ACTIVITIES YOU ARE RECEIVING FROM DIFFERENT COUNTRIES.*
*Congratulation and I wait for you.*
*Yours faithfully,Central Bank Gov.*