fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "inheritance funds" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- "central bank of nigeria" (the name of a person or institution often appearing in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: Barrister Robert John Reed <email@example.com>
Date: Tue, 10 Dec 2019 11:36:03 +0100
REF: FINAL PAYMENT OF $10.5M
Please kindly confirm to us if you have any payment in Nigeria or
London because received today from Mr.James Wilkinson, as your next of
kin, instructing us to effect payment through your new nominated
BANQUE NATIONAL DE CANADA
540 1ST STREET IBERVILLE
A/NO 20-181-51 TRANSIT: 04431006
Expectably, your payment will be released to your new account within
48 hours of receiving your confirmation. We shall at the same time be
sending to you, the receipt including your telex copy for onward
confirmation of your fund from our bank. This is a follow upon the
resolution reached by the WORLD BANK and IMF to intervene in the
situation and release all impending inheritance funds in this bank,
We have made effort to reach you on the telephone number presented
also by your next of kin but we are unable. Hence, we decided to reach
you via your email address. You are therefore advised,to confirm to
this office immediately you receive this letter before the transfer
would be made.
Waiting for your soonest response.
Mrs. Aishah N, Ahmad Deputy Governor,
Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN),
Mr. Edward Lametek Adamu/
Deputy Governor Central Bank of Nigeria