fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: Audit Consultants <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Tue, 10 Dec 2019 13:16:26 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: Attn; Valued Customer
Attn; Valued Customer
This office have been mandated to inform you that your Inheritance/Contract fund is due for release through an ATM debit card to your delivery contact address.
The audit report given to us, shows that you have been going through hard times to see to the release of your funds, which has been delayed by some dubious officials. We therefore advise that you should stop further communication with any correspondence outside this office.
We implore you to kindly provides us with your contact details as stated bellow.
Your full Name,
Mobile Telephone Number
Your full Address
Your working status
Your next of kin
Your private email
The above details information would be needed in order to process and facilitate your ATM debit card and send to your designated delivery addresse without any further delay.